Friday, 26 October 2012

The Art of Tolerance, Paris

Tourists and passers-by are being treated to a display of artistic bears at the Champ de Mars - a spacious, green field and garden situated between the Tour Eiffel and École Militaire. The exhibition, entitled L'Art de la Tolérance, began last  October 12 and will be ongoing up to November 18, 2012. 

The bears are being used as message-carriers, to promote tolerance and understanding among nations. Dubbed as the UNITED BUDDY BEARS, the message is artistically transported to the audience by each painted bear, by 140 bears of nations recognized by the United Nations.
The purpose of the exhibit is explained in different languages.
The message in English

 The visitors are welcomed by this pair of golden bears. While adults and children pose with the bears, others stop to read the messages in the vernacular.
 A message in Filipino
 Two rows of BUDDY BEARS are in parallel formation. Here is one side...
The artists who painted the bears have used their national colors; cultural symbols, things and objects; historical events; and political personalities, to represent their nations. Here are a few close ups of the UNITED BUDDY BEARS.
From left to right: Hungary, by Sara Lieber; Honduras, by Ezqiuel Padilla Ayestra; 
Haiti, by Fritz DesRoches 
 France, by Bruno DiMartino

The French Buddy Bear stands out as the only bear designed with a three-dimensional design feature on its belly. It is a melange of symbolic representations from their historic past and iconic landmarks.
United States, by Bill C. Ray

Imagine an immigrant being welcomed at Ellis Island, NY, by the Statue of Liberty Buddy Bear! What a warm feeling that would bring.

Since when did the bear bring us warm feelings? The bear is not exactly as warm and friendly when encountered in the wild.

Teddy Roosevelt, the 26th president of the United States, has something to do with it. There was an incident - a hunting trip in Mississippi in November 1902, where his attendants had cornered and tied an American black bear for him to fire the last shot, that made the bear the subject of talk. The president refused to do it but ordered someone to put the bear out of misery. A political cartoonist in The Washington Post, Clifford Berryman, made a cartoon out of the incident - a disgusted president with a lassoed bear, with "symbolic overtones." The cartoon designs continued, and in time the bears started to look smaller and adorable.

From the bear drawings of Mr. Berryman, Morris Michtom was inspired to create a stuffed-bear toy, displayed it and called it "Teddy Bear." He sent one to the president and he was able to get his approval to call the toy a Teddy Bear. Manufacturing and marketing the stuffed bear was an instant success for the Ideal Novelty and Toy Co.

In another part of the world, Richard Steiff of Germany, had also come up with a bear toy. It's introduction at the Leipzig Toy fair in March 1903 attracted an American buyer who placed an initial order of 3000 pieces, for shipment to the United States.

The Teddy bear continues to be a very popular gift to give to children for their birthdays and Christmas, for loved ones on Valentine's day, and to mothers after the delivery of their new-born babies.
 Some bear designs were obvious enough to guess as to which country it was, just like the second one in this line-up. Can you tell which country it is?
 Left to right: Denmark, by Anne Elisabeth Østergaard; Cuba, by Nancy Torres;
Croatia, by Lovro Artukovic 
Representing the divided country of KOREA - Left: Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North), by Rim Chang-bok and Kim Ik-hyon; Right: Republic of Korea (South), by Jin Aun Kim
 Left to right: Cameroon, by Moise Ngolwa; Cambodia, by Hemalay Chen; 
Bulgaria, Klio Karadim
 Left to right: Belarus, by Igor Ermakov; Bhutan, Yeshe Karma; 
Benin, by Olabissi Alain Kouchalou
The bears on the other side
 Left most: Zambia, by James Zimba; Next, to the right: Yemen, by Amnah Al-Nassin

The children had their own favorites, too. They took the time to figure out the messages, pose with the bears, hug them, and some took their own pictures.
 The bears brightened up a gloomy, chilly day.
  Left to right: Uruguay, by Carlos Paez Vilaró; Ukrain, by Nataliya Rudyuk;
Turkey, by Murat & Cansu Okmen;Turkmenistan, by Julius Frank
 Left to right: Sri-Lanka, by Jagath Roy Pathirana; Sudan, by  Zaki Al-Maboren;
Slovenia, by Marjan Kekec Orgradni
 Left to right: Slovakia, by Lubomir Vavro; Singapore, by Jacqueline Harliman;
Sierra Leona, by Mohamed Bah; Seychelles, by Leonard Nigel Henri
 Left to right: United Kingdom, by Marilyn Green; Romania, by Dr. Tatiana Burghenn-Arsenie
Qatar, by Monira Al-Qadin
 A close-up of the focal point on the bear representing Romania.
 Left to right: Poland, by Ela Wozniewska; Philippines, by Pierre F. Patricio;
Peru, by Carolina Kecskemethy

 Left to right: Nambia, by Gizz Farrell; Myanmar, by Ko Ko Latt;
Mozambique, by Livio de Morais
The UNITED BUDDY BEARS have been on a world tour since 2002. It's been to 25 countries in 5 continents. This tour stop in Paris coincides with the 25th anniversary of the pact of friendship between Paris and Berlin. 

This exhibition is a continuous call for peaceful coexistence and understanding among nations, regardless of religious creed and culture.

L'Art de la Tolerance
Champ de Mars, 75007 Paris
Metro Stations: La Motte-Picquet-Grenelle; Ecole Militaire
RER: Champ de Mars-Tour Eiffel
Bus 42: Champ de Mars stop


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